JACKSON HOLE, WYO – The Wyoming Game and Fish Department is continuing to monitor brucellosis in Wyoming’s elk and bison and is again asking hunters to help out. Hunters can take measures to protect themselves and assist the department in its monitoring efforts.
Brucellosis is an infectious disease of elk and bison. In Wyoming, elk in Teton, Sublette, Park, Northern Lincoln and Big Horn counties and bison from the Jackson and Yellowstone herds are infected with brucellosis at varying levels.
Hank Edwards, of the WGFD wildlife health laboratory, said that brucellosis transmission to hunters during the hunting season is exceptionally rare. However, there are still simple precautions hunters need to follow to minimize exposure such as:
- Always wear latex or rubber gloves when field dressing carcasses.
- Do not handle a pregnant uterus or its contents. Be extremely careful not to puncture the uterus during field dressing and removal.
- Do not cut into a swollen joint or tendon sheath; do not cut into enlarged testicles.
- Immediately wash cuts received while processing any carcass. If deep cuts occur, see a physician. Wash hands and forearms thoroughly with soap and water as soon as you return from the field. Hand sanitizer can be used as an alternative if soap and water are not available.
“Although the risk of contracting brucellosis during the hunting season is rare, hunters should be aware of the symptoms of the disease so they can seek treatment if they should become infected. Brucellosis is easily treatable with common antibiotics, but early treatment is the key to clearing infections,” Edwards said.
The symptoms of brucellosis may take up to six weeks to appear and include a fever that tends to rise and fall (undulant fever), lower back pain, headaches, alternating chills and fevers (especially in the evening), night sweats, and insomnia.
Game and Fish is also asking elk hunters to collect a blood sample from their harvested animal in specific elk hunt areas. Hunters who are in the specific hunt areas should have received a blood collection kit in the mail.
“Blood samples are important to the surveillance of brucellosis. Thank you to the hunters who take and submit these samples; hunters return between 1,200 and 1,500 blood samples to the laboratory each year,” Edwards said.
Surveillance is targeted to select hunt areas, so not every hunter will receive a blood kit in the mail.